Are there any special forms needed for hiring students under the age of 18?

Yes, depending on which state your business is in, you may need to obtain a work permit or proof-of-age certificate. There’s no federal law mandating any special forms for legally employable minors to work. In many states a student who’s a minor will need to provide a work permit, which is either obtained from their […]

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2018 HSA contribution limit

Yes, depending on which state your business is in, you may need to obtain a work permit or proof-of-age certificate. There’s no federal law mandating any special forms for legally employable minors to work. In many states a student who’s a minor will need to provide a work permit, which is either obtained from their school or the state’s department of labor.

California

In California, after an employer agrees to hire a minor, the minor obtains from their school a Department of Education form entitled Statement of Intent to Employ Minor and Request for Work Permit. This form is then completed by the minor, the employer, and signed by the minor’s legal guardian. Once the form is returned to the school, officials can issue a permit to employ and the minor can begin work.

Other States

For most other states, if a work permit is required, the process is similar to California’s. In some cases the permit is issued by the state’s department of labor rather than the minor’s school.

Final Tips

There may also be special requirements for specific types of employment, such as work in the entertainment industry in California, or for child performers in New York.

Helpful Links:

California work permit – DIR.Ca.gov

Requirements by State – DOL.gov

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