Learn about some FSA, HSA, and HRA employer contribution averages.
The answer can vary widely, but the average annual employer contribution for Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs) is around $600 for individual employees, and $1,250 for employee family plans. According to the Employee Benefit Research Institute, around 67% of employees reported that their employers contributed to the account. Averages for Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) are generally not available due to the many types of FSAs and their rules.
Average Employer Contributions to HSAs
Average annual HSA contributions for employers with fewer than 500 employees:
- Single employee: $750
- Employee with family: $1,200
Average annual HSA contributions for employers with more than 500 employees:
- Single employee: $500
- Employee with family: $1,000
Rules Affecting Employer Contributions to HSAs and HRAs
HSAs and HRAs have contribution caps, which influence their reported averages:
HSA (2017): Maximum contributions from both the employer and the employee are $3,400 for single employees, or $6,750 for employees with dependents enrolled in their insurance. There’s an additional catch-up contribution of $1,000 for participants age 55 and older.
HRA: There are no limits to the amount your organization can contribute to an employee’s HRA. All funding for HRAs is contributed by the employer.
Contributions to FSAs
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has had a big impact on FSAs in recent years, making the contribution statistics for Flexible Spending Accounts inconclusive.
As of 2017, the annual contribution limit for Medical FSAs is $2,600.
However, employer contributions don’t always count toward that limit, such as employer match contributions. You can consult a tax professional to determine what rules apply to specific situations for your organization and its employees.
FSAs that are used for child care expenses are subject to a different set of rules, and remain capped at $5,000.
Though average employee contributions for HSAs and HRAs range from $500 to $1,500, a complex set of regulations determines the limits for FSA contributions on a case-by-case basis. Average employer contributions also differ greatly between regions and industries.