Lauren Perales

As an HR Advisor at Zenefits, Lauren provides guidance and best practices to companies of all sizes with any HR and compliance questions. In her spare time, she enjoys reading and chasing her three dogs around.

113 articles

Are there any special forms needed for hiring students under the age of 18?

Yes, depending on which state your business is in, you may need to obtain a work permit or proof-of-age certificate. There’s no federal law mandating any special forms for legally employable minors to work. In many states a student who’s a minor will need to provide a work permit, which is either obtained from their […]

How can trainers match employee career goals to organizational needs?

Employee training gives employees new skills for their own career development, while also serving the organization’s overall needs. Here are a few tips for designing a training program that benefits both your company’s and employees’ goals: Set Clear Criteria It’s important to set clear guidelines for what defines success, both for the individual employee as […]

What are 360-Degree Performance Reviews?

What does 360 feedback mean? Get a definition of 360-degree performance reviews. Plus pros and cons to this performance management process.

Can I ask a job applicant what specific type of documents they have to prove their authorization to work in the US during an interview?

According to the anti-discrimination provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), employers can’t discriminate against potential employees based on their immigration or nationality status. Asking which specific types of documents applicants will use to verify eligibility puts you at risk of facing a discrimination lawsuit under the INA. So you shouldn’t ask an applicant […]

Where can I find sample disability, medical leave, and pregnancy leave policies?

Federal Laws When creating a disability, medical, or pregnancy leave policy, first make sure your policy is consistent with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), and the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). State Laws You also want to make sure that your policies include any relevant state laws about […]

What is the best way to mentor a salaried employee who is working too many hours in a week?

A good way to mentor a salaried employee who is working too many hours in a week is to encourage a positive work-life balance. One-on-One Meetings According to HR Council, if you work at a small or midsized company, one way to promote work-life balance is to have individual meetings with employees to ask what […]

Are we required to keep a copy of the background authorization form in the employee’s file?

Yes, though the specifics of the length and type of storage will depend on your state. Definition A Background Check Authorization Form is a form a potential employee fills out to authorize a background check. Authorizations generally require the candidate’s name, social security number, address, and often a copy of a photo ID card. Federal […]

When does work time begin and end when traveling, excluding travel time to and from local office?

While your specific state may have its own regulations, the Department of Labor (DOL) has guidelines for determining which parts of time spent traveling are considered working hours. Here are a number of the key issues: Day Trips According to the DOL, for one-day business trips, the employee is compensated for all of their time […]

Are there any special regulations for hiring an out-of-state independent contractor?

Independent contractors aren’t subject to typical federal employee regulations such as minimum wage. State Laws The independent contractor, however, should check with their resident state’s policies (not the resident state of the company hiring them) to ensure that they meet the criteria to be technically considered an independent contractor as opposed to an employee. Some […]

Do independent contractors have to fill out Form I-9 in Tennessee under TLEA?

No, independent contractors don’t have to fill out Form I-9 in Tennessee. Form I-9 Form I-9 is used to verify the identity and employment eligibility of individuals hired to work in the US. Employers must complete and keep Form I-9 for all of their employees. Federal Law for Independent Contractors According to US Citizenship and […]